Course Content
Please review this information prior to starting the course.
1. Current State of Health and Fitness
Learning objectives: -- Understand current statistics around physical fitness, inactivity and obesity within the US and worldwide -- Gain an understanding of how obesity and disease impact healthcare costs and overall public health -- Understand how FitLot Outdoor Fitness Parks can be part of the solution
2. History and Benefits of Outdoor Fitness
Learning objectives: -- Understand the history of outdoor fitness and outdoor fitness parks -- Describe the health benefits of exercising outdoors -- Explain the potential impact of accessible green space and outdoor fitness parks on public health and communities
3. Group Training in Public Spaces
Learning objectives: -- Understand the benefits of exercising in groups -- Identify considerations for training in outdoor and public spaces -- Identify specific areas of concern for instructors leading classes safely in outdoor public spaces
4. Circuit Training Overview
Learning Objectives -- Understand the history behind circuit training programs -- Learn the benefits of circuit training, based on research -- Understand why circuit training is effective in a community class setting
5. Review of Anatomy
Learning Objectives -- Reinforce the importance of a basic understanding of bones and muscles -- Review the basic joint actions and types of muscle contractions -- Review the anatomical planes and understand their utilization in exercise programming
6. Foundational Training Principles and Concepts
Learning Objectives -- Understand the basic components of physical fitness -- Explain basic principles of exercise programming -- Review select points of exercise physiology and the various energy pathways
7. Training Fundamentals
Learning Objectives -- Describe and demonstrate fundamental movements -- Understand the fundamental elements that are incorporated into FitLot Circuit Training classes -- Identify the 11 fixed stations of the outdoor fitness park structure and describe exercises that may be performed at each of them.
8. FitKit Resistance Band Training
Learning Objectives -- Understand the FitKit Resistance Band System and how it can be incorporated into FitLot training -- Explain how the FitKit resistance bands, and other equipment utilizing anchor points, attach to the FitLot structure -- Understand existing research that supports the effectiveness of resistance band training -- Describe specific exercises that use the FitKit resistance bands
9. FitLot Circuit Training Program
Learning Objectives -- Understand FitLot Circuit Training Program methodology -- Understand how FitLot Circuit Training classes are organized and implemented -- Learn how to plan a FitLot Circuit Training class
10. Coaching and Class Instruction
Learning Objectives -- Understand successful instruction techniques for teaching outdoor fitness classes -- Describe best practices for class execution regarding music, timing, vocal instruction, monitoring intensity, and class setup
11. Considerations for Special Populations and Health Emergencies
Learning Objectives -- Understand the importance of pre-screening and health risk assessment procedures as part of the registration process -- Identify common conditions that may present special health and safety concerns in an outdoor fitness park class -- Identify special populations that may require extra attention and modifications during an outdoor fitness park class -- Describe environmental conditions that may arise when instructing outdoor fitness classes and how to handle them safely -- Identify emergency conditions and situations and explain corresponding appropriate action
FitLot Coaches Training Course
About Lesson


Arthritis is a degenerative joint disease and can lead to disabilities, activity limitations, and pain. Two common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, caused by joint wear and tear, and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where the body attacks the joints.  

Recommendations for instructors:

  • – Provide modifications to decrease range of motion if necessary.
  • – Encourage participants to decrease exercise intensity during flare ups.
  • – Help participants differentiate between normal discomfort associated with exercise and unsafe levels of pain.
  • – Guide participants through extended warm ups with a strong focus on building heat, increasing blood flow, joint mobilization and specific movement rehearsal
  • – Choose bilateral exercises first to ensure proper form, technique and adequate strength

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high, because the body does not produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Diabetes is generally used to describe various syndromes that result in the disruption of glucose usage. According to the CDC, 30.3 million people have diabetes (9.4% of the US population) (CDC, 2018).

Recommendations for Instructors:

  • – Identify participants with diabetes and privately discuss specific needs and concerns before the workout begins.
  • – Be sure the participant’s glucose level is in a safe range before engaging in physical activity.
  • – Know how to identify symptoms of an insulin reaction (hypoglycemia). Early symptoms include confusion, irritability, anxiety, and headaches. Late symptoms include sweating, rapid pulse, nausea, loss of consciousness, pale and moist skin, and double vision.
  • – Instruct the participant to check glucose levels if they’re having an insulin reaction, and to consume orange juice or another rapidly absorbing carbohydrate. 
  • – Call EMS if the participant remains in a state of distress.

Responding to Environmental Emergencies



Possible Signs/Symptoms

Recommended Action

Heat Cramps

Painful cramps, feeling weak, thirst and dehydration

Stop activity, drink fluids slowly, cool body temperature

Heat Exhaustion

Weak, rapid pulse, headache, dizziness, clammy skin, excessive sweating, elevated core temperature

Cool down the body, drink fluids slowly, stop activity; Call EMS if symptoms are not alleviated

Heat Stroke

Hot, dry skin, rapid pulse, red appearance of skin, difficulty breathing, irritability, elevated core temperature

Call EMS; stop activity, cool skin of participant


Body temperature drops below 97 degrees F, shivering, numbness in extremities, burning sensation in ears and nose, lethargy

Warm the body, provide warm fluids; Call EMS if symptoms are not alleviated.

Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries including lacerations, punctures, avulsions, and abrasions are results of acute trauma to areas of the skin. There may be bleeding, pain, and exposed bone. If bleeding cannot be stopped, there is exposed bone or an obvious break, and/or internal pain, medical treatment should be sought immediately. All outdoor fitness park instructors are required to be trained in basic first aid.